材料|法公民航、空管及DSN向往的生活第二季百科A:生活常识英文

时间:2021-10-11 20:40:04 作者:生活常识英文 热度:生活常识英文
生活常识英文 描述::

读到一篇法公民航、空管相关方面先容的文章, 以为内容不错,原文较长,撷取先容空管的小部门并做翻译。

https://airspacestrategies.shorthandstories.com/FranceENG/index.html#:~:text=The%20French%20airspace%20extends%20over%2014m%20sq%20KM,are%20commercial%20air%20transport%20carrying%20passengers%20and%20freight.

AVIATION KEEPS PEOPLE CONNECTED AND PROVIDES THE INTERNATIONAL ACCESS THAT FRANCE NEEDS FOR TRADE, BUSINESS AND TOURISM.

航空令人们更为慎密地接洽在一路,并为法国供应了商业、贸易以及旅游等所需的国际通道。

France is home toEurope’s third largest economyand is the world’s biggest tourist destinati生活常识知识on.

The aviation sector contributes approximately4.3%to the country’s GDP representing€90 billionof revenue. Over80 milliontourists visit each year, many travelling by air, spending around€48 billion.

Aviation also plays an important role in the French manufacturing sector, where air transport is crucial for manyhigh-value componentsand products. Over€240 billionworth of export goods are transported each year by air, supporting the supply chain for many French made products including automobiles, aircraft, consumables and electronics.

In total, the aviation sector supports around 1.16 million jobs with 320,000 direct j男人生活常识obs in all aspects of air 1111678247.dig111.nettransport and associated services.

法国事欧洲第三大经济体,也是世界上最大的旅游目儿童生活常识教育的地。航空业为法国GDP奉献了约4.3%的收入,相称于900亿欧元的收入。 每年有8000万游客到访法国,个中很多人是乘坐飞机,统共消费约莫是480亿欧元。

航空业在法国创造业中也起偏重要作用,譬如在法国1111602245.dig111.com,航空运输关于很多高代价组件以及产物至关紧张。每年经由过程航空运输的出口货品代价跨越2400亿欧元,航空运输为很多法国创造的产物(包含汽车,飞机,花费以及电子产物)的提供链供应了支撑。

在法国,航空部分在航空运输及其相关服务的各个方面统共供应了约116万个待业机遇,个中32万个间接待业机遇。

The growing demand for air travel is driven by thecentral positionof France in the core of Europe, thelarge and growing numberof overflights, anincreasein air routes to other major global cities andiconic eventslike the Paris 2024 Olympics.

Chart 01, illustrates how air transport movements (ATMs) are forecast to grow at a rate somewhere between 1.8% and 3% per year from 2018 to 2024, with total movements increasing to up to 4 million by 2024.

赓续增加的平易近航运输需求首要来自于:

地处欧洲中央的优胜地舆地位以及大批且继续增长的飞越航班;

赓续加密的飞去环球首要城市的航路;

相似巴黎2024年奥运会如许的标记性事宜。

图01显示了从2018年到2024年,飞翔架次方面的一些预计数据。

THE AVIATION SECTOR RELIES GREATLY ON THE PERFORMANCE OF THE FRENCH AIRSPACE AND AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT TO OPERATE SAFELY, EFFICIENTLY, AND ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY.

航空运输行业的显露在很大水平上取决于法国空域以及空中交通治理,可以或许以宁静、高效以及环保地运作。

The French airspace extends over 14m sq KM acrossmainland France, the Mediterranean, Atlantic and French overseas territories.

The airspace can be grouped into two main categories, controlled and uncontrolled. Most flights in controlled airspace are commercial air transport carrying passengers and freight. The general aviation (GA) sector that includes business aviation, private pilots, gliders and a wide range of other operators mainly uses uncontrolled airspace.

The military is a significant user of both controlled and uncontrolled airspace to protect the nation’s borders and maintain the operational capability to project force internationally when and where required.

The French airspace is also increasingly requested to accommodate the rapid growth in unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs).

法国领空普及法国大陆,地中海,大泰西以及法国外洋领地,面积跨越1400万平方公里(个中法国外乡约101万平方公里)。

法国空域根本上可以分为管制空域以及非管制两大类,管制空域内的大多半航班都是平易近航运输航班。

通用航空,包含公事航空,私家飞翔员,滑翔机以及种种各样的其余经营商,首要在非管制空域内飞翔,(1111695565.rich5998.net一般来说,公事航空也使用管制空域)。

军方也是紧张的空域用户,以此珍爱国度界限,并维持在必要的时间以及所在疾速投射武装力量的本领。

此外,法国空域也面对着无人机(UAV)的疾速增加所带来的各种成绩。

DSNA(法语:direction des Services de la navigation aérienne)is thelargest ANSP in Europe, controlling over3.2 million flights in 2018, an average of 8,800 flights per day, with peak days of up to 11,000 flights.

Enroute services are coordinated through five Area Control Centres (ACCs) located inBrest, Athis-Mons (identified as Paris ACC), Reims, Bordeaux and Aix-en-Provence(identified as Marseille ACC).The coverage of the five ACCs is illustr1111676975.yyh5688.netated in Chart 02.

DSNA also provides air navigation services in the overseas territories ofReunion Island, Mayotte, West Indies-Guyana, Polynésia, New-Caledonia and Wallis and Futuna.

DSNA是欧洲最大的空中导航服务供应商,2018年为跨越320万架次航班供应空管服务,日均8800架次,日岑岭批示11000架次。

DSNA有五个地区管制中央,包含布雷斯特,阿蒂斯蒙斯(巴黎ACC),兰斯,波尔多以及普罗旺斯区域(马赛ACC)图表02申明了五个ACC的笼罩规模。

DSNA还为留尼汪岛,马约特岛,西印度群岛-圭亚那,波利尼西亚,新喀里多尼亚,瓦利斯以及富图纳群岛等法国的外洋领地供应空管服务。

DSNA provides Approach and Aerodrome control services on70 airports in mainland France and six overseas airports日常生活健康小常识. It operat1111636338.yahu58.netes 9 regional approach and control centers (SNAs)

Nantes (SNA Ouest),

Lille (SNA Nord),

Paris (SNA Région Parisienne),

Strasburg (SNA Nord Est),

Lyons (SNA Centre Est),

Nice (SNA Sud Est),

Marseilles (SNA Sud Sud Est),

1111635285.stsd888.org

Toulouse (SNA Sud) et

Bordeaux (SNA Sud Ouest).

DSNA为法国外乡的70个机场以及6个外洋机场供应进近以及塔台管礼服务。 在其外乡,包含9个进近管制中央。(也有部门数听说是12个进近加63个塔台,此处数据暂未核实。)

南特,里尔,巴黎,斯特拉斯堡,里昂,尼斯,马赛,图卢兹以及波尔多。

法国空域外部分伤害区、限定区示意

上一篇微软遭开除的明星员工:懊悔没早点脱离微软

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